[Noozhawk’s Note: This story is one in an exclusive series investigating the toll of COVID-19 outbreaks in Santa Barbara County, and efforts to prevent and contain novel coronavirus cases.]
Some employees started working from home during the pandemic, but the region’s agricultural workforce kept working in-person in the fields and persisted through a variety of challenges, despite their risk of potential COVID-19 exposure in their jobs.
Agriculture job sites, shared vehicles that transport employees to work and shared-living arrangements present unique challenges for controlling and preventing the spread of COVID-19, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
“They just push through because that’s a common practice for most farmworkers to push through any type of ailment,” said Donna Olivera, COVID-19 outreach coordinator with Lideres Campesinas. “Even if you’re in your 70s and you are still needing to work in a farm, regardless of whatever aches and pains, they feel they will keep showing up because they need the money.”
Last spring and summer, community-based advocacy groups started hearing about the virus’ spread among workers in the H-2A visa program, who frequently live in crowded housing environments.
At the time, “there were no resources in the community if you got COVID,” Olivera said of farmworkers. “There was nothing for you, no type of social safety net.”
Olivera said the organization, a network of women farmworker leaders, worked for months on pandemic outreach to local agricultural communities.
“In the middle of the pandemic, I ended up getting sick in July, into August,” Olivera said. “I got sick because I was doing outreach work in the community.”
Reflecting on more than a year of the COVID-19 pandemic, she said the “convoluted process” for testing was challenging for residents.
“If you were an indigenous farmworker with limited English, with only a cellphone in hand, getting access to the COVID-19 test, even though you had symptoms, was a challenge,” Olivera said.
Olivera helped people navigate funding assistance through the United Way of Santa Barbara County, a nonprofit organization, and she joined the countywide Latinx and Indigenous Migrant COVID-19 Response Task Force, which tackled agriculture-specific public health issues, including shared transportation to job sites and isolated housing for people who tested positive.
“People work in these small groups and it didn’t allow for COVID safe regulations that were necessary, and after we’ve seen some of the efforts to make sure that people are safer,” said Rebeca Garcia, Santa Maria policy advocate with the Central Coast Alliance United for a Sustainable Economy (CAUSE). “Fortunately, the major outreach efforts that we have done in collaboration with (Santa Barbara County) public health have helped.”
A handwashing station, distance markers, and COVID-19 informational signs are placed outside the Reiter Affiliated Companies building in Santa Maria, as seen in late May. The company is the largest fresh multiberry producer in the world. (Brooke Holland / Noozhawk photo)
CAUSE staff distributed masks and other personal protective equipment, educated employees about workplace rights, and provided information about the novel coronavirus and COVID-19 vaccine to agricultural workers.
“Throughout this time, our collaboration has adapted to meet the changing needs of the farmworker community,” Garcia said. “Our advocacy efforts have also included direct service, which is not something CAUSE typically does but it just made sense for us in this time.”
CAUSE held vaccination clinics at its Santa Maria office and provided translation and interpretation services at North County walk-up clinics, including the mass vaccination site at Allan Hancock College in Santa Maria.
Targeted vaccine efforts are even more important now, Garcia said.
Agriculture workers line up to receive COVID-19 vaccinations at a Feb. 28 clinic in Santa Maria. The clinic was organized by the Santa Barbara County Public Health Department and community-based organizations. (Janene Scully / Noozhawk photo)
The latest U.S. Census Bureau data estimate that people in more than 40% of local households speak a language other than English.
“Now, there’s a lot of vaccinations that are still available, but the piece for farmworkers specifically is making sure those places have accessible language, and the cultural pieces are met that people can actually walk-in,” she said.
CAUSE is focusing on providing new education and outreach for children ages 12 to 15, who “a lot of times work with their parents and are also in pods with farmworkers,” Garcia said.
“There’s so much information about COVID and just as much as there was misinformation,” Garcia said. “It was important for us at CAUSE to use our online platform to ensure that there was accurate and accessible information about the vaccine.”
Farms Adopt Pandemic Safety Measures
Some farms changed in-person work arrangements in an effort to stop the spread of the virus.
“There were modifications to some of the farms, or some of the farms were able to get access to funding that allowed them to either get a few more bathrooms or alter their workplace to accommodate social distancing in the field,” said Olivera, whose parents have been farmworkers for about 25 years, growing strawberries in Santa Maria.
Mask use was high among farmworkers, she said.
“A lot of places that farmworkers normally go to in the morning would reinforce mask wearing, so adoption became relatively easy, especially because a lot of farmers already wear some type of handkerchief over their face to cover themselves from the sun and pollen at work,” Olivera said.
Andrew Rice, vice president of production at Reiter Affiliated Companies, stands in a Santa Maria raspberry field. (Brooke Holland / Noozhawk photo)
The pandemic pushed relationships with harvest employees to a new level at a multiberry producer in Santa Maria.
The COVID-19 response “kind of forced us to become even closer with our harvest employees because the communication with them on what we were doing from a preventative standpoint and what we were doing to help try to educate them and protect them was even more important,” said Andrew Rice, vice president of production at Reiter Affiliated Companies.
“We did several rounds of — we call them sanitizing kits — where it was a basic bag with a face covering, hand sanitizer, wipes and a couple of them had thermometers in it,” Rice said. “We were constantly passing things out and fliers with facts about COVID and stopping the spread.”
Reiter Affiliated Companies, the largest fresh multiberry producer in the world, held virtual trainings and limited the number of people at in-person orientations during the pandemic, he said.
Signs in English and Spanish are hung beside the door of the Reiter Affiliated Companies building in Santa Maria, reminding people to complete a COVID-19 questionnaire before entering, as seen in late May. (Brooke Holland / Noozhawk photo)
“When you’re doing harvest and your harvest is ramping up, you have to hire a lot of people at one time,” Rice said. “The large trainings we did virtually, so it kind of forced us to think outside the box.”
The total number of employees stayed the same during the pandemic, Rice said, which…